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台灣種族仇恨猖獗的原因:談Benedict Cumberbatch的失言

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英劇「福爾摩斯」主演班尼迪克(Benedict Cumberbatch)談到非裔演員受到歧視的情形,在英國比美國還嚴重等語引起軒然大波。其中最大的問題,根據報導在於他把黑人稱為有色人種”calling black people colored”,其實英國媒體大概也不知道,black people這稱謂在美國也不太恰當,一般稱為非裔美國人或其他,這我有寫過專論。由Benedict Cumberbatch被批評且他深切道歉來看,台灣種族仇恨猖獗的原因由此可以發現:因為台灣社會充斥種族仇恨的因子,社會也沒有反省力量:就以2011年嘉義的阿里山翻車意外,陸客死傷時,嘉義市政府的詹姓社工公務員痛斥長官趕著要發放給「支那人」5千元實在給太多,「支那人果然討厭」等語為例。

當時,極端仇恨中國人的台灣許多民眾替詹姓社工公務員說「支那是常用語」 、「歷史上有用過支那」云云,詹姓公務員亦表示他沒惡意、只是KUSO,其實他當下有想到那些嗎?這批包庇種族仇恨用語的人毫無常識或其實就是說謊!都能找到這個詞的「古代用法」,怎麼不知道現今意義?Benedict Cumberbatch講了個不合時宜的colored就道歉,也沒哪個英國人無恥的拿Negro、nigger來說話,沒想到台灣遍地出現替詹姓公務員護航的人。

只要仇中,在台灣就有莫大市場,即使是非常不對的種族歧視言論也會被原諒。或許仇中的台灣人以為「只是仇中而已」, 但當歧視的因子深入這些人的基因時,以出生地判斷他人的行為就會自然而然的發生。也因如此,如檢察官看到外籍勞工聚集在台北火車站時也會驚恐呢(台南檢察官黃朝貴在臉書張貼圖文:「台北車站已被外勞攻陷,吃飯、睡覺,野餐,擠滿車站,政府再不處理,不僅有礙觀瞻,也會出亂子。」),極多台灣人更是對東南亞國家的人強烈歧視。

一個欠缺反省的島嶼,只會無止境的增加種族仇恨氣焰。

Blackjack 2015/1/27

英國種族歧視言論惹議 班尼迪克公開道歉
2015年01月27日 08:43
陳建嘉 

「我認為在有色人種的演員方面,在英國有很大的變化。相較於英國而言,我有很多外籍的演員朋友可以在美國獲得更多機會,而我認為英國是時候要接受挑戰了。」日前曾公開發表一席言論表示英國普遍的種族歧視比起美國還要更加嚴重,「福爾摩斯」班尼迪克康柏拜區表示這讓有色人種演員在英國特別難以發展,然而這番言論卻在英國引起軒然大波,甚至有相關工會指出實際案例表示,在英國並沒有刻意歧視。

也許是一向心直口快,班尼迪克隨後做出官方聲明,並由Digitalspy公開,他表示他當時遣詞確實有誤,也表示他是個傻瓜,沒有任何藉口,必須與大家誠摯道歉。

但對影迷來說,班尼迪克康柏拜區的出發點仍是為了協助他的朋友們爭取福利,並不認為他的言論有所失當,但這確實讓班尼迪克小跌一跤,畢竟他最近入圍奧斯卡影帝又即將結婚,還獲選演出超級英雄大片《奇異博士》,或許有個停損點,對他來說也算好一些。

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稱陸客「支那」 嘉市公務員爆爭議
【聯合報╱記者梁雅雯/嘉義市報導】 2011.04.30 03:18 am 
 
阿里山車禍後,嘉義市政府社會處卅多歲詹姓科員,在噗浪稱陸客「支那人」,還說意外當天長官趕著要發放「支那人五千元,實在給太多」,引起爭議。詹姓科員表示,「支那」說辭是一種KUSO用法,部分言論則是轉述,並非他本意。

嘉義市社會處長林建宏表示,身為公務員盡可能不要在網路上表達個人意見,這樣的留言,有失當之處,市府會再加強輔導。

阿里山翻車意外,造成陸客死傷,嘉義縣市政府也投入救災,卻有網友發現,一名嘉義市政府的科員,在網路上留下不恰當言論。經查證,這名科員任職於嘉義市政府七年,是編制內的公務員,畢業於台灣大學。他所引發爭論的留言是:「一個人先發五千,同事立刻嫌太多,支客果然受到討厭」。

但詹姓科員事後澄清,他沒惡意,只是八年前他在台南的醫院上班時,因阿里山小火車的意外被派到嘉義的聖馬爾定醫院支援,有些感觸。他說,多次陸客在台發生意外,台灣政府都第一時間盡最大的照顧,他希望台灣人在大陸若遭逢困難也能獲相對回應,才有此發言。

他說,文中的「支那人」是「China」的意思,他知道「支那」的稱呼有人會解讀為「輕視、不禮貌」,但他只是KUSO的用法,本意並非在貶損人。

小辭典/支那人

嘉義市政府一名公務員稱阿里山小火車受傷的陸客為「支那人」,儘管他事後解釋為KUSO的說法,但從前文後語來看,恐怕不會被大陸觀光客接受,甚至是在傷口上灑鹽。

根據百度百科的解釋,「支那」是近代日本侵略者對中國的蔑稱。此詞緣自印度,古代人稱中國為「chini」,據說來自「秦」的音譯,但在日本明治維新後被日本人大量使用。

清朝甲午戰敗後,日本人將中國、中國人全面稱為「支那」,是日本以戰勝者姿態對失敗者的輕蔑稱謂。直至二戰日本戰敗後,經盟國最高司令部調查,確認「支那」稱謂含有蔑意,責令日本外務省不要再使用「支那」稱呼中國。但到現在日本的右翼分子仍堅持使用「支那」稱呼中國,不斷挑釁,引起中國人極端反感。中日關係極端敏感,在大陸,若再有日本人以「支那」稱中國,都將引起事端,嚴重者甚至釀成外交事件。 (記者陳東旭)

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獨家〉稱陸客「支那人」! 嘉市府公務員噗浪惹議
時間:2011/04/29 19:04
記者:何家華
嘉義的阿里山翻車意外,造成陸客死傷,嘉義縣市政府也投入救災,卻有網友發現,一名嘉義市政府的社工,用冷眼嘲諷的方式,形容意外當天長官趕著要發放給「支那人」5千元,實在給太多,「支那人果然討厭」,這2篇留言公務人員所留,恰當嗎?儘管當事人澄清,他沒惡意,也向陸客道歉,「支那」這個稱呼其實就已經帶有輕視、不禮貌的意味。

嘉義發生小火車翻覆意外,縣市政府的人員動起來忙著協助大陸眷屬,但現在卻傳出發放慰問金,有社工透過網路批評,實在給太多。

引發爭論的是這一篇留言,「一個人先發5千,同事立刻嫌太多,支客果然受到討厭」,留言時間,是4月27日下午4:43,就是小火車翻覆當天,到了隔天,還有另一篇留言「中國人來台灣的死亡率比去利比亞還高耶」,語氣調侃。

查看發言者的資料,公開寫著自己公務人員,服務於嘉義市政府,最少有7年時間,經過記者追查,發言者的服務單位,就是在這一次意外發生後,協助陸客的嘉義市政府社會處。

噗文者嘉市社會處社工:「是一個反射動作,因為可能想到台灣,之前幾次去大陸旅遊,也有出過意外,似乎沒有得到妥善的處置,難免會這樣去想,但實際上,以社會處的立場,這樣的發言是不對的。」

在一般共識中,被認為相當不禮貌、輕蔑式的用語,被具有公務人員身分的社工,拿來描述翻車意外中的陸客,還調侃說發放慰問金5千元實在太多,社工對此表達歉意。

得站在第一線提供救援的單位,因為一時情緒作出這樣的評論,網路上掛了2天,道歉來的及嗎?儘管是自己抒發心情的空間,公務人員的身分,發言前還是必須三思到底得不得當。

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http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2927166/I-m-idiot-m-devastated-caused-offense-British-actor-Benedict-Cumberbatch-issues-apology-calling-black-people-colored-television.html
Benedict Cumberbatch in race storm: 12 Years A Slave star says he was an 'idiot' for calling black people 'coloured' on US show
Benedict Cumberbatch called black people 'colored' on show Tavis Smiley
He was hitting out at lack of opportunities for black British actors in UK 
His use of 'outmoded' racial terminology sparked outrage among viewers
38-year-old Oscar nominee said: 'I'm devastated to have caused offense'
By SOPHIE JANE EVANS FOR DAILYMAIL.COM
PUBLISHED: 19:31 GMT, 26 January 2015 | UPDATED: 09:29 GMT, 27 January 2015
British actor Benedict Cumberbatch has apologized after describing black people as 'colored' on US television, saying he is 'an idiot' and is 'devastated to have caused offense'.
The 38-year-old Sherlock star used the racial term during a debate on the lack of diversity on British screens on the talk show Tavis Smiley last Wednesday.
After the interview, hundreds took to social media to condemn the actor for his choice of terminology, with many branding it 'racist' and 'inappropriate'.
Last night, Cumberbatch responded by issuing an apology for his 'incorrect' and 'offensive' use of the phrase.
He said: 'I'm devastated to have caused offense by using this outmoded terminology.
'I offer my sincere apologies. I make no excuse for my being an idiot and know the damage is done.' 
Cumberbatch, nominated for an Oscar for The Imitation Game, added: 'I can only hope this incident will highlight the need for correct usage of terminology that is accurate and inoffensive.
'The most shaming aspect of this for me is that I was talking about racial inequality in the performing arts in the UK and the need for rapid improvements in our industry when I used the term.

'I feel the complete fool I am and while I am sorry to have offended people and to learn from my mistakes in such a public manner please be assured I have.
'I apologize again to anyone who I offended for this thoughtless use of inappropriate language about an issue which affects friends of mine and which I care about deeply.'

During his appearance on Tavis Smiley, a late-night talk show on PBS that features interviews on topical subjects and entertainment, the actor hit out at the lack of opportunities for black UK actors, saying they have a far better chance of success in Hollywood than Britain.
He told host Smiley that stars such as Idris Elba and David Oyelowo thrive in America more than in their home country - and pointed to films like Selma and 12 Years A Slave,
'It's an even playing field. [These actors] paid their dues for years by just doing beautiful performances,' he said. 
'I think as far as colored actors go it gets really difficult in the UK.'
He continued: 'A lot of my friends have had more opportunities here (in the US) than in the UK and that's something that needs to change.'
After, the interview, hundreds of people took to social media to condemn the actor for his choice of words.
Twitter user Shane Thomas said: 'While I'm on board with Cumberbatch's points here, it really doesn't help when he uses a term like "colored"'.
Meanwhile, a woman called Ashley tweeted: 'Benedict Cumberbatch used the word "colored" to describe black people in the year 2015, um, are we still using that word?'
And Chelsea Nicole said: 'I never liked Cumberbatch and him calling people "colored" seals the deal.'

ITV News broadcaster Charlene White also drew attention to Cumberbatch's interview on Twitter. 
She posted: 'Benedict Cumberbatch on lack of opps for black actors in UK. For me tho, undermined by him calling them 'colored'...' 
In a statement, British anti-racism educational charity Show Racism the Red Card said the term 'colored' is now outdated and has the potential to cause offence.
It said: 'Benedict Cumberbatch has highlighted a very important issue within the entertainment industry and within society. 


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2927166/I-m-idiot-m-devastated-caused-offense-British-actor-Benedict-Cumberbatch-issues-apology-calling-black-people-colored-television.html#ixzz3Q19sPRR2 
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

'I AM DEVASTATED': BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH'S FULL APOLOGY 
'I'm devastated to have caused offence by using this outmoded terminology. I offer my sincere apologies. 
 'I make no excuse for my being an idiot and know the damage is done. I can only hope this incident will highlight the need for correct usage of terminology that is accurate and inoffensive. 
'The most shaming aspect of this for me is that I was talking about racial inequality in the performing arts in the UK and the need for rapid improvements in our industry when I used the term.
 'I feel the complete fool I am and while I am sorry to have offended people and to learn from my mistakes in such a public manner please be assured I have.
 'I apologize again to anyone who I offended for this thoughtless use of inappropriate language about an issue which affects friends of mine and which I care about deeply.'

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2927166/I-m-idiot-m-devastated-caused-offense-British-actor-Benedict-Cumberbatch-issues-apology-calling-black-people-colored-television.html#ixzz3Q19yEEUW 
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

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http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/11370602/Benedict-Cumberbatch-under-fire-for-coloured-actors-remark.html
Benedict Cumberbatch under fire for 'coloured actors' remark
The actor was making a point about diversity in the movie industry when he made the 'out-dated' comment
By Bill Gardner5:48PM GMT 26 Jan 2015
Benedict Cumberbatch has apologised after he used the term ‘coloured’ to describe black actors, admitting he had been "an idiot".
The Sherlock actor had come under fire from anti-austerity campaigners after he used the controversial term when discussing the problems facing ambitious young actors in Britain.
He told the PBS talk show Tavis Smiley in the US: “I think as far as coloured actors go, it gets really different in the UK, and a lot of my friends have had more opportunities here [in the US] than in the UK, and that's something that needs to change.
“Something's gone wrong, we're not representative enough in our culture of different races and that really does need to step up a pace.”
His overall message was applauded by the anti-racism charity Show Racism the Red Card. However the campaign condemned the actor’s use of the word “coloured” to refer to people from ethnic minorities.
“Benedict Cumberbatch has highlighted a very important issue within the entertainment industry and within society,” a SRtRC spokesperson told The Independent.
“In doing so, he has also inadvertently highlighted the issue of appropriate terminology and the evolution of language. Show Racism the Red Card feel that the term ‘coloured’ is now outdated and has the potential to cause offence due to the connotations associated with the term and its historical usage.”
On Twitter, users who listened to the interview said Cumberbatch had “crossed the line”. The playlist and critic Bonnie Greer said the actor's language indicated "a mindset, a certain circle".
Cumberbatch issued a statement on Monday saying: "I'm devastated to have caused offence by using this outmoded terminology. I offer my sincere apologies. I make no excuse for my being an idiot and know the damage is done."
He added: "I can only hope this incident will highlight the need for correct usage of terminology that is accurate and inoffensive. The most shaming aspect of this for me is that I was talking about racial inequality in the performing arts in the UK and the need for rapid improvements in our industry when I used the term.
"I feel the complete fool I am and while I am sorry to have offended people and to learn from my mistakes in such a public manner please be assured I have.
"I apologise again to anyone who I offended for this thoughtless use of inappropriate language about an issue which affects friends of mine and which I care about deeply."



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3萬外勞攻佔北車 檢座:會出亂子
「表達乘客心聲」 網路引發熱議
2013年08月12日    

台北 擠爆車站 
印尼勞工昨慶祝開齋節,三萬多名外勞湧入台北車站大廳。楊忠翰攝
【綜合報導】三萬多名外勞昨聚集台北車站慶祝開齋節,一名檢察官目擊車站遭外勞攻陷,佔據大廳吃飯、野餐、睡覺,即在臉書po照並質疑:「政府再不處理,會出亂子。」此言引發網友熱議,有人贊成,但也有人質疑歧視外勞。專家認為只要不影響動線就無妨,但一年一度的特殊節日,最好還是開放其他公共空間,解決外勞休閒需求。
據勞委會統計,截至今年六月,台灣約有四十六萬名外籍勞工,印尼最多約二十萬人,越南約十萬人、菲律賓有八萬六千餘人,八月八日正巧是印尼的開齋節(像台灣人的農曆過年),昨是開齋節後的首個周日,台北、桃園、台中各地都有印尼勞工聚會慶祝。 
擔心衝突警力過少
台南高分檢檢察官黃朝貴昨天搭高鐵到台北度假,在台北車站大廳看到大批外勞席地而坐,邊聊天邊吃美食,他在臉書po照,寫著:「台北車站已被外勞攻陷,吃飯、睡覺、野餐,擠滿車站,政府再不處理,不僅有礙觀瞻,也會出亂子。」
黃朝貴拍的照片被網友轉貼,引發熱烈討論,有網友質疑他的言論「充滿歧視」、「會出什麼亂子?」也有網友挺他,直言:「車站又不是野餐的地方」、「政府該管管了」。
《蘋果》昨電訪黃朝貴,他強調「絕對沒有種族歧視,只是表達乘客心聲」。黃朝貴說,外勞把大廳當作野餐聚會處,甚至是睡覺場合,並不妥當,更擔心車站大廳有不同國家的外勞,若有人酒後發生衝突,或是出現不同國家的外勞鬥毆,乘客安全如何維護,都是可以討論的議題。….
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